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Wager and Promotions

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Women; Taking on life and work

In an article by Simon Goodley(2014), He mentions that ,” Female bosses are still earning only three-quarters as much as their male colleagues, meaning they would have to work until they were nearly 80 to catch up with men’s lifetime earnings, according to new figures”. Supervisors often disregard women as potentially earning a promotion due to preconceived notions of their roles and abilities ,based on the article by Gluck and Media. Women are assumed to be  vulnerable compared to men , therefore, giving the stereotypical analysis of not being able to handle a leadership role. However, there are many women leaders that have influenced lives ,for example; Oprah Winfrey , Aretha Franklin and Hilary Clinton. These women are empowering and hard-working. Since people are so used to the ideology of having women not speak up , they believe all women are not confident which is a false accusation. Also, Goodley (2014) ,refers to the drop-off as the reason for disregarding female promotions , It is assumed that eventually women will be so busy with their marital and parental status , they would be overwhelmed with their job. Why is it necessary for the women to be the home-maker? There are men who choose to take a leave of absence and stay with their kids . Also, there are other solutions for example ; day care and in-home office. Women who are passionate about their jobs are willing to make it work ; they can be a great candidate and a great mother.

Link to Simon Goodley Article : http://www.theguardian.com/business/2014/aug/19/gender-pay-gap-women-bosses-earn-35-percent-less-than-men

Link to Samantha Gluck and Demand Media : http://smallbusiness.chron.com/effects-gender-discrimination-workplace-2860.html

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According to the Gender Wage Gap (2013), 

The new Statistics Canada research paper, entitled The Evolution of Canadian Wages over the Last Three Decades, includes a chapter on changes in the male-female wage gap between 1981 and 2011. The authors report that women’s median hourly wages, which grew more than those of men during the last three decades, were 87% of those of men in 2011, compared to just 77% in 1981. The chapter also analyzes some of the reasons behind the relative gains in women’s wages.  For example, women are staying in their jobs longer. In 2011, women’s average time in a job with the same employer was the same as that of men, compared to 1981 when women’s average level of job tenure was only 74% of that of men.

Moreover , Referring to an article by Lahle Wolfe,women are constantly judged based on their physical appearance. The job position they are offered or assumed to have is based on their looks. For example; a very beautiful women is more likely to receive a job in sales because of physical appearance to manipulate customers in order to increase sales. Women’s intellectual skills are disregarded at first glance due to their gender , therefore, women have to strive and work much harder than males to prove their potential for a promotion.

Testimonials

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I once had a job I liked that didn’t pay well, so I interviewed at a local company that was expanding. I met with them twice and they seemed very interested. My interviewer said I’d hear within two weeks. A month went by, I figured I didn’t get the job, and my husband and I decided to start a family. Fortunately for us, I got pregnant very quickly. Three months after my last interview, the company called back and the interviewer said, “We’d like you to come in for one final interview.” I told him, “I assumed I didn’t get the job after I didn’t hear from you.” He said, “We hit some bumps in the road but now we’re ready to hire for the position” and I blurted out, “But I’ve gotten pregnant since then!” BIG pregnant pause. He started to stumble over his words, and never came right out and said it, but I could hear he had no interest in talking to me any further. I knew my rights but didn’t press it, thanked him but declined. Years later, it still burns me.

–Shauna

I was looking for a part time job and came across this small Home Hardware store at my home town. I went in the store and was so intimidated very fast since all the employees were male. I felt a bit uncomfortable. I still went inside and hoped for the best, I mentioned my skills and experience and gave my resume. I was shocked to see the extremely long pause of the old man. He didn’t know what to say. He eventually blurted out , ” what do you know about tools?” . I told him what I knew and added in the end, ” I am a fast learner , and I am willing to learn and improve”. He hesitated for a while then, he said,”I’m sorry , the position is filled”. Walking by the store from my way to school , I still saw the Help Wanted sign.

–Meagan

I was working for a marketing agency for 5 years and the Human Resources position was up for grabs. I have studied at Seneca college and York University for Human Resources. The current human resources manager was a middle-aged male. He was very close with one of my colleague , Eric and they would constantly talk about the sports together. I knew I had to make a strong impression for me to get the position. I went well out of my way to complete projects and stayed back late to help. However, Eric, who was working at the agency for only 3 years, was promoted as the Human Resources Manager.

-Mursal

When Maxine Lampe started her career as a teacher in the early 1970s, the school district refused to give her the head-of-household pay that men received — even though Lampe was the sole earner while her husband was in graduate school. Later, Lampe went into public school administration and found once again that her gender — and marital status — was a factor in her pay. While trying to negotiate her salary, one of the board members told her, “You don’t need as much pay because your husband is a professor and you have enough money.”

Anastasia Engebretson accepted the salary offered to her in her first job out of college. She didn’t know she could negotiate. She found when she arrived for work as a technician that a few men with less education and less relevant experience had negotiated for more pay. “I have a bachelor’s degree in physics,” Engebretson said. “This guy who hadn’t gone to college and couldn’t do mental math was getting paid more.”

Aileen Rizo works as a math consultant at a California county office that supports dozens of school districts. After three years on the job, she said she learned over lunch that a man just hired as a math consultant had started at a much higher salary. After trying unsuccessfully to work out the disparity with human resources, Rizo filed a lawsuit because of her two young daughters. “I don’t want another girl to feel after she’s worked so hard that she’s not worth the same as the man sitting next to her,” Rizo said.

Workplace Harassment

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Workplace Harassment is another form of gender discrimination that occurs in the workplace. As the FindLaw article states : employers must also remedy any sexual harassment situations that are known, or of which the employer should be aware.  This includes both harassment of lower-tier employees by a manager or executive of lower position, and sexual harassment among co-workers. Harassment involves unwanted sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. It is illegal for an employer to make sexual conduct a condition or term of employment, to base employment decisions on such conduct, or to Prevent-Sexual-Harassment-Trainingpermit sexual conduct that unreasonably interferes with an employee’s work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment.

– See more at: http://employment.findlaw.com/employment-discrimination/sex-gender-discrimination-overview.html#sthash.RrSxOPvQ.dpuf

Examples of Workplace Harassment Includes from FindLaw :

  • Lewd comments
  • Unwanted touching
  • Displays of sexual objects or photograph
  • Offensive cartoons or drawings may constitute sexual harassment

    This is an evaluation image and is Copyright Pamela Perry. Do not publish without acquiring a license. Image number: 0515-1103-2101-3045. http://www.acclaimimages.com/_gallery/_pages/0515-1103-2101-3045.html
    This is an evaluation image and is Copyright Pamela Perry. Do not publish without acquiring a license. Image number: 0515-1103-2101-3045. http://www.acclaimimages.com/_gallery/_pages/0515-1103-2101-3045.html

Sex Discrimination and The Law

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According to Find Law , sex discrimination in the workplace is a civil violation , Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 provides strong protections against sex discrimination in employment.

Based on the Find Law article ; The Civil Rights Act of 1964 covers

“1) to fail or refuse to hire or to discharge any individual, or otherwise to discriminate against any individual with respect to his [or her] compensation, terms, or privileges of employment, because of such individual’s…sex…; or

“2) to limit, segregate, or classify employees or applicants for employment in any way which would deprive or tend to deprive any individual of employment opportunities or otherwise affect [the individual’s] status as an employee, because of such individual’s…sex….”

See more at: http://employment.findlaw.com/employment-discrimination/sex-gender-discrimination-overview.html#sthash.RrSxOPvQ.vtgYRRVL.dpuf

TitleVII

Gender Inequality in the Workplace

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Help raise awareness for gender equality in the workplace ! 

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